Essential oils are essence of plants. Due to the volatile nature of essential oil, farmers directly take plants for distillation just after harvesting. After this process, they are sent for oil extraction. However, they are volatile in nature and contains the aroma of the plant. Essential oil contains the fragrance and the properties of the plant. Therefore, their properties vary depending upon their botanical families.
The steam distillation process is the most common method for extraction of the essential oils. The other processes of extraction are solvent extraction, absolute extraction, expression, wax embedding, CO2 extraction, and resin tapping. During the distillation process, the plants and its parts are put into an alembic (distillation process) over the water. Due to which we get steam of the plant essence. Oil then collects in the vessel as steam condenses back to liquid form. Even though most of the oils are distilled in a single process. Fractional distillation is more suitable for some oils like Ylang-Ylang essential oil.
Types of Essential oils & their properties
As per N.A.H.A., the most common type of essential oils are Lavender oil, Peppermint oil, Eucalyptus oil, Tea Tree oil, and Clary Sage oil.
These essential oils have medicinal and therapeutic properties. Because of these properties they are popular across world since ages. They are likely to assist in cure of various health problems. Moreover, they are widely used for aromatherapy which induces relaxation. However, you must take caution in using essential oils. Improper usage may cause some harm like allergy or other reactions.
- Using aroma to heal health problems.
- To solve skin related issues
- For hair related problems
- To reduce infections and heal wounds